reporting guidelines

 

Guidelines exist for many types of medical research. These guidelines have been written by experts and set out lists of important things other people need to know about your work. Reviewers and editors use these guidelines when assessing submissions, so if you forget to mention anything your work may be returned to you.

In your methods section, state that your manuscript adheres to the relevant guideline, and then cite them in your reference section.

The EQUATOR Network has a comprehensive library of guidelines. The most common are listed below, and we have a tool that can help you work out which is right for you. 

 

  • CONSORT for randomised trials:

    Schulz KF, Altman DG, Moher D, for the CONSORT Group. CONSORT 2010 Statement: updated guidelines for reporting parallel group randomised trials. Trials. 2010;11:32. PMID: 20334632
     
  • ARRIVE for research involving laboratory animals:

    Kilkenny C, Browne WJ, Cuthill IC, Emerson M, Altman DG. Improving bioscience research reporting: the ARRIVE guidelines for reporting animal research. PLoS Biol. 2010;8(6):e1000412. PMID: 20613859
     
  • PRISMA for systematic reviews:

    Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman DG, The PRISMA Group. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: The PRISMA Statement. PLoS Med. 2009; 6(7):e1000097. PMID: 19621072
     
  • MOOSE for reviews and meta-analyses of observational studies:

    Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman DG, The PRISMA Group. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: The PRISMA Statement. PLoS Med. 2009; 6(7):e1000097. PMID: 19621072
     
  • ENTREQ for synthesis of qualitative research:

    Tong A, Flemming K, McInnes E, Oliver S, Craig J. Enhancing transparency in reporting the synthesis of qualitative research: ENTREQ. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2012;12(1):181. PMID: 23185978
     
  • CARE for clinical case reports and case series:

    Gagnier JJ, Kienle G, Altman DA, Moher D, Sox H, Riley D; the CARE Group. The CARE Guidelines: Consensus-based Clinical Case Reporting Guideline Development. BMJ Case Rep. 2013; doi: 10.1136/bcr-2013-201554 PMID: 24155002 
     
  • SRQR for qualitative research:

    O'Brien BC, Harris IB, Beckman TJ, Reed DA, Cook DA. Standards for reporting qualitative research: a synthesis of recommendations. Acad Med. 2014; 89(9):1245-1251 PMID: 24979285
     
  • STROBE for observational studies:

    von Elm E, Altman DG, Egger M, Pocock SJ, Gotzsche PC, Vandenbroucke JP. The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) Statement: guidelines for reporting observational studies. Ann Intern Med. 2007; 147(8):573-577. PMID: 17938396 
     
  • STARD for diagnostic accuracy studies:

    Bossuyt PM, Reitsma JB, Bruns DE, Gatsonis CA, Glasziou PP, Irwig L, LijmerJG Moher D, Rennie D, de Vet HCW, Kressel HY, Rifai N, Golub RM, Altman DG, Hooft L, Korevaar DA, Cohen JF, For the STARD Group. STARD 2015: An Updated List of Essential Items for Reporting Diagnostic Accuracy Studies. BMJ. 2015;351:h5527. PMID: 26511519 
     
  • REMARK for prognostic modelling studies using biomarkers:

    McShane LM, Altman DG, Sauerbrei W, Taube SE, Gion M, Clark GM. REporting recommendations for tumour MARKer prognostic studies (REMARK). Br J Cancer. 2005;93(4):387-391. PMID: 16106245 
     
  • TRIPOD for prediction modelling studies for prognosis or diagnosis:

    Collins GS, Reitsma JB, Altman DG, Moons KG. Transparent reporting of a multivariable prediction model for individual prognosis or diagnosis (TRIPOD): The TRIPOD statement. BMJ 2015; 350:g7594. PMID: 25569120